Protests Against U.S. Military Base Policy in Asia: Persuasion and Its Limits
Vendredi 06 novembre 2015
by Yuko Kawato, associated researcher at Asia Centre
Auteurs : Yuko Kawato
Since the end of World War II, protests against U.S. military bases and related policies have occurred in several Asian host countries. How much influence have these protests had on the policy regarding U.S. military bases? What conditions make protests more likely to influence policy? Protests Against U.S. Military Base Policy in Asia answers these questions by examining state response to twelve major protests in Asia since the end of World War II—in the Philippines, Okinawa, and South Korea.
I lay out the conditions under which protesters’ normative arguments can and cannot persuade policy-makers to change base policy, and how protests can still generate some political or military incentives for policy-makers to adjust policy when persuasion fails. I also show that when policymakers decide not to change policy, they can offer symbolic concessions to appear norm-abiding and to secure a smoother implementation of policies that protesters oppose. While the findings will be of considerable interest to academics and students, perhaps their largest impact will be on policy makers and activists, for whom I offer recommendations for their future decision-making and actions.