The Asia Debates propose a meeting with Professor Swaran Singh (School of International Studies, Jawahrlal Nehru University). It is chaired by Jean-Luc Racine and deals with India’s nuclear policy. Swaran Singh first presents to us the cultural background and the fundamental features that explain the nuclear and disarmament policies of India today. He reminds us of the importance of wisdom in Indian culture and the refusal of extremes, which are present in all sectors of life and are visible for example in the present government position on the political spectrum or the mixed economy. Among the main principles of Indian nuclear policy, there is the fact that nuclear assets have always been seen as a means more than an end. Non-alignment, the idea of staying clear from any military alliances and giving an alternative model is also very important. Finally, it should be noted that India follows a step-by-step approach that insists on the process more than the outcome.
Today, India is seen by some as soft State, which always favours communication even when a crisis erupts. In its nuclear policy, it follows a minimalist approach of building nuclear weapons and has thus a limited arsenal. Swaran Singh explains us that even if the ultimate goal of India’s policy is complete global disarmament, without which security and peace cannot be achieved, Indian policy has progressively evolved from minimum deterrence to credible minimum deterrence.
Asia Debates with Swaran Singh: India's Nuclear Policy (28 March 2011) by Asia Centre on Mixcloud
Professor Swaran Singh is Chairman, Center for International Politics, Organisation and Disarmament (CIPOD), School of International Studies (SIS), Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi). He is also President of the Association of Asia Scholars (an Asia-Wide Network with Secretariat in Delhi) and General Secretary of Indian Association of Asian and Pacific Studies (Secretariat at Varanasi, India) and Mentor at Center for Conflict Resolution and Human Security (New Delhi).
He is Visiting Professor, University of Peace (Costa Rica) and Lady Sri Ram College (New Delhi). He is formerly Visiting Faculty of the Beijing University, Fudan University, Xiamen University, Shanghai Institute of International Studies, Center for Asian Studies (Hong Kong University), Asian Center (University of the Philippines), Chuo University (Japan), Guest Faculty at Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sweden), and Academic Consultant (2003-2007) at Center de Sciences Humaines (New Delhi), and Research Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (New Delhi).
Professor Singh is on the Editorial Board of Asian Policy and Politics (Washington DC), Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (Hyderabad), Journal of Indian Ocean Studies (Delhi), and Millennial Asia (Delhi).